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American Iris Society

FEBRUARY, 1936 NO. 60


Report of President, E. E. Everett . 1

Report of Vice-President, W. J. McKee . . 3

Report of Secretary, B. Y. Morrison . 5

Report of Treasurer, Michardson Wright . 6

Regional Vice-Presidents :

Mrs. Herman E. Lewis, Massachusetts . 8

J. C. Nioholls, New York . 13

M. E. Douglas, New Jersey . . 14

J. Marion Shull, Maryland . 16

Mrs. James R. Bachman, Georgia . 21

Robert Schreiner, Minnesota . 24

Mrs. Gross R. Scruggs, Texas . 26

Stanley C. Clarke, Idaho . 27

Dr. P. A. Loomis, Colorado . 28

Carl Starker, Oregon . 29

The Annual Meeting . 31

Report of Iris Shows, Mrs. W. L. Karcher . 43

Other Show Reports . 50

1936 Policy of Awards . 58

Record of Iris Awards . 62

Report of Judges . 67

Registrations for 1935 . 81

An Appeal, Mrs. W. H. Peckham . 103

Published Quarterly by


Entered as second-class matter January, 1934, at the Post Office at Baltimore, Md.,

under the Act of March 3, 1879.

#3.00 the Year 50 Cents per Copy for Members



Term expiring 1936: Dr. H. H. Everett

Dr. J. H. Kirkland

Term expiring 1937 : W. J. McKee

Robert Schreiner

Term expiring 1938: Sam L. Graham

Clint McDade

J. B. Wallace, Jr. Richardson Wright

Robert Sturtevant Dr. Harry Lee Grant

Mrs. G. R. Marriage B. Y. Morrison.

President Dr. H. H. Everett, 1104 Sharp Bldg., Lincoln, Nebr. Vice-President Mr. W. J. McKee, 48 Kenwood Ave., Worcester, Mass. Secretary Mr. B. Y. Morrison, 821 Washington Loan and Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C.

Treasurer Richardson Wright, House & Garden, Graybar Bldg., New York City.

Regional Vice-Presidents

1. Mrs. Herman E. Lewis, 180 Grove St., Haverhill, Mass.

2. Dr. George M. Reed, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, N. Y.

3. M. E. Douglas, Rugby Place, Woodbury, N. J.

4. J. Marion Shull, 207 Raymond 'St., Chevy Chase, Md.

5. Mrs. James R. Bachman, 2646 Alston Drive, Atlanta, Ga.

6. Mrs. Silas B. Waters, 2005 Edgecliff Point, Cincinnati, Ohio.

7. C. P. Connell, 2001 Grand Ave., Nashville, Tenn.

8. Robert Schreiner, R. 1, Riverview Station, St. Paul, Minn.


10. Mrs. Gross R. Scruggs, 3715 Turtle Creek Blvd., Dallas, Texas.

11. Dr. C. W. Hungerford, 514 East 0 St., Moscow, Idaho.

12. Dr. P. A. Loomis, Colorado Springs, Colo.

13. Carl Starker, Jennings Lodge, Ore.

14. Mr. Donald Milliken, 970 New York Ave., Pasadena, Calif.

15. William Miles, Ingersoll, Ontaria, Canada.

Chairmen of Committees :

Scientific Dr. A. E. Waller, 210 Stanbery Ave., Bexley, Columbus, Ohio. Election Dr. C. Stuart Gager, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Membership and Publicity Dr. H. H. Everett, 1102 Sharp Bldg., Lin¬ coln, Neb.

Registration C. E. F. Gersdorf, 1825 No. Capitol St., Washington, D. C.

Test Garden & Display Garden

Exhibition: Mrs. W. L. Karcher, 1011 W. Stephenson St., Freeport, Ill.

Bibliography Mrs. W. H. Peckham, The Lodge, Skylands Farm, Ster- lington, N. Y.

Awards W. J. McKee.

Editorial Board

S. R. Duffy Mrs. Lena M. Lothrop

Mrs. J. E. Hires Mrs. C. S. McKinney

Eleanor P. Jones B. Y. Morrison, Chairman

R. S. Sturtevant

LANTERN SLIDES Rental Fee (to members) #10.00. Apply to Mrs. K. H. Leigh, Mo. Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Mo.



Again in 1935 the Society has gone forward, a substantial gain in membership has been achieved ; our financial status, thanks to wise investments by the Treasurer, Mr. Richardson Wright, is an enviable one, this in spite of the fact that more has been spent on the Bulletin. You now have five issues of the Bulletin yearly, in which illustrations add to the interest and their value. We on the Board feel that in the Bulletin widely distant regions can be brought into intimate and cordial contact. Mr. Morrison’s work as Secretary, and as Editor of the Bulletin, has been more than noteworthy in spite of his other diversified duties which have first call upon his time. The Editor’s task would be much easier if you would jot down that article which you have so long delayed writing !

The various Committees have, in the most instances, functioned smoothly and efficiently. To be especially commended, one must mention Mrs. Karcher’s conduction of the difficult problem of Exhibitions. Mr. Gersdorff’s exasperating task of handling regis- * t rations deserves the thanks of all the Society. Finally the Award Committee, whose report is published for your study, I feel did particularly happy work, which will T am sure meet with your approval.

While there is some just criticism of the system of awards and its end result, an effort has been made to meet such criticism as far as is possible. It was felt better to abandon the A. B. C. method of rating and return to the numerical. If the Award Committee had had the full cooperation of the Accredited Judges their duties would have been easier.

The matter of the awards of Honorable Mention there has been much criticism, which, however, cannot be directed to the Award Committee but to the Accredited Judges whose negligence in making awards led to the neglect of some very fine iris which certainly merited the award.

In the regions where the judges met and worked together such a condition was absent, but in other regions where many iris rated A, and A plus, plus, one fails to find them in the Honorable Men¬ tion column ; the more surprising to me for in four or five gar-


dens which I visited judges were thicker than borers! It might be well if the judges realized that they had duties in addition to their inhibitions.

All in all the year has gone rather smoothly, in spite of the interruption of routine occasioned by Mr. Wister’s retirement. No one appreciates the loss the Society sustained when he left the active management of affaire, both as President and Director, better than I. I know also that the Society will feel deeply the absence of Mrs. J. Edgar Hires, whose work on the Board was always willing and efficient. With the sudden and lamentable death of Mr. Euclid Snow, who came to the Directorate only last year, we lost an increasingly valuable member and a faithful friend. I can only hope to carry out some of his ideas and ideals for the Society. We shall also miss Mr. Sherman R. Duffv, whose interest and pungent counsel always enlivened things, both in the Board meetings and in the Bulletin.

I am sure you will welcome the new members of the Board, whom I know to have the welfare of the Society at heart. These new Directors are Mrs. G. R. Marriage of Colorado Springs; Mr. Sam L. Graham of Rome, Georgia; Mr. Clint McDade of Chat¬ tanooga, Tenn. ; and by appointment to fill Mr. Euclid Snow’s place, Dr. Henry Lee Grant, of Louisville, Kentucky. You will notice that there has been a shift in membership of the Board to the south and middle west; I can only hope we can govern as wisely as the former Boards.

To all of you I extend my best wishes for a splendid year of bloom, and an earnest plea that you attend the National Show at West Hartford. West Hartford and the New England group have many plans for your entertainment and enjoyment.

The attitude of the various regions, one toward another, is a very happy one regional jealousies are at a minimum; a pleasant situation for all concerned.

e busy. I can only urge still further restraint in the introduction of new seedlings. An early distribution of “guest iris” to various regions will further prove the value of this procedure and would prevent duplication.

Members should make more use of their Regional Vice-Presi¬ dents than in the past, for on the advice of these important offi- cers much of the policy of the Board is determined.

PI. H. Everett, 'President .



Reports from the various regions indicate the year 1935 was an unusually fine iris year. There was a profusion of bloom last¬ ing over a long season and the year was an extremely interesting one with a surprisingly large number of new outstanding varie¬ ties making their appearance for the first time.

I wish to take this occasion to express my appreciation for the cooperation and assistance rendered by the Regional Vice-Presi¬ dents. They have done a splendid work in increasing interest in iris in their respective regions and through their activities is re¬ flected the substantial increase in the membership of the Society during the year.

As Vice-President and also Chairman of the Committee on Awards, I wish to thank and commend the Accredited Judges for the valuable work they performed in rating and making rec¬ ommendations for awards. It is fully appreciated that a large amount of time is spent by our judges not only in traveling from one garden to another, but also in studying the merits of the varieties in order to arrive at a proper rating. To a real iris en¬ thusiast, however, the work is somewhat offset by the pleasure one derives from pondering over the beauty of the new creations and the renewal of friendships that can best be made in the beau¬ tiful gardens. It is believed, however, that the results obtained justify the time expended, as our system of rating and recom¬ mendations for awards appears to be the only satisfactory method of arriving at approximate values of the many new in¬ troductions which are presented for judging each year.

It is doubtful if any judge has the opportunity to see all the new creations in any one year, but with a corps of judges located in each district, reports are submitted which furnish the members of the Society a representative picture of the merits of our new introductions throughout the country. In visiting gardens we cannot help but be cognizant of the real advance that is occurring in the development of better iris.

In studying the tabulated reports of the judges for the past year, it would appear that many of our judges in certain lo¬ calities overlooked making recommendations for Honorable Men¬ tion and the tabulations show that only nine varieties in the


country at large received the five or more votes necessary to en¬ title them to the Award of Honorable Mention, whereas twenty- four varieties received from two to four recommendations. The nine varieties receiving Honorable Mention did not include any varieties from what is known as our midwest sections where many of our fine irises have originated in the past, and where, judging from the Variety Notes this year, an even finer lot of new creations was on display in many of the gardens in these sections.

In order to carry out our present system of awards, it is not only necessary for our judges to visit gardens and enthuse over the new creations, but also in order to record their judgment and in fairness to the hybridizers, growers and membership, to send their recommendations for awards to the tabulator.

During the past year there have been many inquiries as to why the Policy of awards did not provide for awards on intermediate, beardless, dwarf and fall blooming iris, in order that the mem¬ bership would have information as to what varieties in these classes are considered the most outstanding and also knowledge as to what our hybridizers are producing in these particular classes. In answer to these inquiries, the Board of Directors has approved amending the Policy of Awards for 1936 to include four other classes of iris in addition to the tall bearded iris, as follows :

1. Early intermediate

2. Dwarf

3. Fall blooming

4. Beardless iris including Siberian, various iris species and hybrids.

Judges will be asked to make their recommendations for awards in all these classes in 1936.

Plans are being made to make the Annual Meeting to be held in West Hartford, Connecticut, during the iris season in 1936, a most interesting one and it is hoped there will be a large attend¬ ance. While the activities of the meeting will center about the Kellogg’s beautifully arranged garden, Over-the-Garden-Wall,” which was so well described in one of our recent Bulletins, the members attending this meeting will be invited to visit the nu¬ merous other iris gardens in New England.

Wm. J. McKee, Vice-President.



To Officers and Directors:

Owing- to the complete reorganization of the office files and books, as well as the regular help of the office assistant, the rou¬ tine work of handling the membership and miscellaneous corre¬ spondence has been reduced to a minimum of effort.

The Society office is open daily, part of the day, but relatively few of the A. I. S. members have called there. Nearly all mem¬ bers address their mail to the new address, which saves at least one day over the former Takoma Park address.


Memberships show 111 more members than 1934.

Life . 74

Free, Exchange . 29

Honorary . 8

Annual (including prizes) . 769

Triennial— 1936 (16), 1937 (12) . 28

Total . 908

Resignations . t.. 23

1934 members not heard from . 141

There were five deaths during 1935 : Dr. David Griffiths, Mr. Stewart Johnson; Felice Schmidt, Florence, Italy; Joseph Aerts, Anderlecht, Belgium; Mr. Euclid Snow.

No special solicitations for new members were sent out save by correspondence.


No changes were made in the advertising procedure, and little change was found in the results, save the refusal of several mem¬ bers to continue in the Commercial Directory showing, perhaps, that there is no possibility of ever finding a rate low enough to be commensurate with returns from so small a circulation.


The budget set up in 1934 for office assistance has proven am¬ ple for the purposes and no increase is proposed.


The Secretary wishes to express to all members his apprecia¬ tion of their interest in the work of the Society and their friend¬ liness in writing so freely to the office.

B. Y. Morrison, Secretary.


REPORT OF THE TREASURER, 1935 American Iris Society December 2, 1935

•Cash in Chemical Bank . $692.02

Cash in Life Fund Account . 1,365.97


Cleveland Union . $1,000.00

Shell Pipe . 500.00

Northern Pacific . 500.00

Paramount Broadway . 1,000.00

National Dairy . 1,000.00

Chile Copper . 500.00

•Liberty Bonds . 2,150.00

Home Owners Loan . 1,950.00

- 8,600.00

Iris Check List . $1,700.00

Less Sales . 383.38

- 1,316.62

TOTAL . $11,974.61

Note: $1,059.60 to be transferred from Life Fund Account to Checking Account.

•Cash in Chemical Bank was reduced $250.00 by purchase of additional Treasury Bonds.


Dec. 1, 1934, to Nov. 30, 1935


Annual Memberships . $2,117.57

Tri-Annual Memberships . 94.00

Sustaining Memberships . 50.00

English Iris Society . 34.20

Check List . 21.65

Dykes . 28.20

Addisons . 2.00

Sale of Bulletins . 61.46

Advertisements . 99.25

Slides . 19.48

Income on Bonds . 352.90

Interest on Life Fund . 19.56

Miscellaneous . 11.69





Administrative . 119.92

Steno. and Type . 335.00

Publishing and Cuts . 1,823.40

Stationery . 317.99

Medals . 176.77

English Iris Society . 40.65

Charge on Bonds . 126.12

Miscellaneous . 54.17


Net Loss 1 year

. 2,994.00

. $82.04

Richardson Wright, Treasurer.

First Iris Show at Wheaton , III.



Mrs. Herman E. Lewis, Massachusetts

Instead of an Iris Show this year, the New England members who constitute a committee to manage the affairs of the region, planned a series of visits this summer to several gardens in New England, where the newest irises conld be seen.

All New England members were invited to attend and bring any flower-loving friends whom they wished, it being the hope of the committee that thereby a wider interest in good irises might be created.

In addition, invitations were sent to many persons all over New England known to be interested in flowers.

It was announced that the last week in May we would visit “Over-the-Garden-Wall, as the Kelloggs, mother and son, ex¬ pected that the irises would be in their prime at that time ; but the irises did not play up; so that visit to West Hartford, Con¬ necticut, almost overlapped those planned for the first week in June, to the iris gardens around Boston and northeastern Massa¬ chusetts. There is usually about a week’s difference in blooming time between the two sections.

The Kelloggs finally chose the afternoon of June 4th. It rained! And the judges, who were supposed to judge the iris in the morn¬ ing, did their work under umbrellas. It was, however, a most excellent chance to see what effect rain had on the different varieties. As a matter of fact, it is distinctly noticeable that most of the new irises are not greatly affected, showing much improve¬ ment over the older ones in their ability to withstand wind and rain.

After a very delightful luncheon served b}^ our hostess we sallied forth again to explain to the guests what constitutes a good iris. More rain ! And not as many braving the elements as we coidd wish, but a very worthwhile attempt!

On our way home the judges stopped in Worcester, Massachu¬ setts, to see some seedlings of Mr. McKee’s, among them his Red Comet, 38 inches tall, a red self, reminding one something of Jeb Stuart, with splendid stalk, very vigorous, good form and florifer- ous. Two other unnamed seedlings, all quite worth a visit, what-


ever the weather, but can you see a group of iris enthusiasts, huddled under dripping umbrellas, gazing at these notable seed¬ lings ?

Two days later, on the 6th of June, again we went a-visiting; another rainy day ! But not as bad. In the morning we began at the Fairmount Iris Gardens, in Lowell, Massachusetts, where Mrs. Nesmith has another notable collection of new and rare things in the iris world. Here a very interested group came early, and were greatly impressed b}r the many beautiful irises, bloom¬ ing in New England for the first time, some of them Mr. Washing¬ ton’s introductions, but among them some of Mrs. Nesmith’s own raising, while the other famous breeders were well represented.

Mrs. Nesmith had planned an out of doors luncheon, but just as it was to be served it began to rain and all tables had to be moved inside. That proved no drawback, however, to our enjoy¬ ment of the delightful luncheon.

Here we saw Han Sass’s Oriana, a pure white with a pale greenish yellow beard; Washington’s Will o’ the Wisp, an off¬ spring of Mary Geddes X Purissima, of perfect form, a large flower with broad domed yellow standards and creamy white flaring falls; Ishpanee, also a Washington iris, a seedling of Purissima X Mary Geddes, with standards yellow and yellow falls, horizontal, with a brilliant red patch in center and well branched stalks a gleaming iris, very tall.

Maya, another seedling of Mary Geddes, with its high domed standards and velvety falls, a marvelous red; Lily Pons, a pinkish iris with domed standards and flaring falls, seen first in Mr. Washington’s garden, had lost nothing of its beauty when seen here in the North ; Mellow Moon, of fine form, a taller Doxa, ful¬ filled the promise of last year, when seen as a seedling, with Tuscany Gold as one of its parents; Eros, a beautiful pink with a golden haft and beard, giving an effect of salmon, very vigorous, of great garden value; Summer Tan, one of Kirkland’s border iris; Douglas’s Francesca, a deep Pompeian pink self, which bloomed in Nashville the day we left; Professor Mitchell’s Happy Days, a great big, pure yellow, with none of the Dykes’ flecking; Masse Obea, 42 inches tall, with well branched stems, a pink and yellow blend, with domed standards and semi-flaring falls.

There is no stopping place in this garden of beautiful novelties from all over the country, and we must get on.


After luncheon Mr. McKee gave an instructive talk on irises and the American Iris Society and then we left Lowell for Glen Road Iris Gardens, at Wellesley Farms, where Miss Sturtevant, undaunted by the rain, met us, and we saw many of the Califor¬ nia irises, notably Mr. White’s Lady Paramount, blooming side by side with Professor Essig’s Easter Morn. Lady Paramount, a pale creamy yellow with an orange beard, its domed standards with saw-toothed edges, a seedling of W. R. Dykes which has proved hardy in at least four New England gardens; Easter Morn, with wide domed standards and warm creamy white flar- ing falls with olive edges, wide hafts and an orange beard, an iris which Miss Sturtevant herself, a rather severe judge, has main¬ tained deserves 100 per cent rating.

Close by stood a beautiful bloom of Mr. Gage’s stately Gloriole, glistening, even in the rain, showing that the Egst Coast is not one whit behind the West Coast; Bernardino, one of Mr. Berry’s introductions, a big, tall lavender flower; Sierra Blue, and Shin¬ ing Waters, both everywhere most outstanding, while Miss Sturte¬ vant ’s new High Delight with white domed standards, lavender falls and conspicuous orange beard and well branched stalk, gave a plant which is bound to give fine garden effect.

More rain, but it takes more than rain to dampen the ardor of New England iris fans, and after partaking of a delicious punch served on the porch, we started for Mr. Donahue’s garden on the banks of the Charles River, at Newton Lower Falls.

Here, mirrored in that quiet water, bordered by overhanging trees, are stretches of beautiful gardens, home of the famous Polar King.

Blue June, a tall, fine iris, a lovely blue with a golden beard, very vigorous, wide, low branching with 10 buds to a stalk, was here; also Ann Stodder, a charming intermediate, a soft blue self, with slender stems, both Mr. Donahue’s own introductions.

Jean Cayeux was here at its best, and several of the English introductions, because Mr. Donahue believes firmly that no iris collection is complete without a good representation of both Eng¬ lish and French growers.

But his gardens are not given up to irises alone. He is famed as well for his beautiful peonies, and here, in a garden that in its setting vividly recalls the Cambridge Backs, is a very won¬ derful collection of tree peonies.


The rain had ceased and the group went on to see Mr. Gage’s Sunnyside Gardens, at Natick. Mr. Gage had a beautiful new white seedling, Creamilda, as well as his Gloriole, one of the most wonderful irises seen this season, with wavy standards, and blue white, wavy, flaring falls, wide hafts, an orange beard, fine form and good branching.

June 7th the garden club of Haverhill, Massachusetts, at the instigation of the Regional Vice-President, with the able assistance of Miss Eleanor Jones, a member of the New England Committee, ventured an American Iris Society Show, which was very credita¬ ble for a first show, where none of those entering had ever ex¬ hibited in an iris show before.

This show was a special feature of a very fine flower show staged at the Castle in beautiful Winnikenni Park, on top of a high hill, commanding an extensive view for miles around, with Kenoza Lake stretching out at its feet. The Display Garden of the American Iris Society formed a part of the Flower Show.

This first attempt at an iris show has already shown results in an increased interest in irises here in this city of Haverhill among persons not before particularly enthused. It has created a desire to know and own better irises, and it has given confidence to many to enter another show, who this time were afraid to attempt it. In addition it has aroused an interest in gardens where the newest irises can be seen, and has brought to light a citizen raising seedlings on his own.

On June 15th the last of the visits was made to Mrs. Tobie’s Shanunga Iris Gardens, on Cape Elizabeth, just outside of Port¬ land, Maine. This time the weather was magnificent and members attended from far away Barre, Worcester, Boston, Lowell and Haverhill, Massachusetts, while Maine was well represented. Mrs. Tobie served a delicious luncheon also and her beautiful rock garden was greatly enjoyed as well as the iris garden. A heavy thunder storm the night before failed to spoil her irises, but left everything sparkling.

Here were many of the famous irises that we had seen in all the other gardens, as well as her own introductions. A mass of Noonday, small ruffled flowers, warm amber with a yellow inner glow, style branches deeper than the falls and a beautiful yellow beard, on well branched stalks, lasting in bloom four weeks, standing next to Andorra, a clear pink, making a fine combination.


Castle Cary, a lavender blue bi-color, with pale blue violet standards, 2 % inches wide, and deep blue violet falls, 4 inches long with a wide haft, a seedling of Oriflamme X Prospero.

Rosy Dawn, a Sunlight seedling, not yet introduced, pale pink, rosy standards, deep pink flaring falls, a yellow haft, the pinkest thing in the garden ! Spanish Gold, and Purple Eve, not new, but fine bits of color.

After luncheon the visitors gathered in the spacious garden house and Vice-President McKee welcomed the guests in the name of the Iris Society, while Mrs. Nesmith gave a most inter¬ esting talk on irises and Miss Sturtevant told something of the history of irises in this country, going back to Mr. Farr's work. Mr. Robert Sturtevant told us something of the best way to plant irises to produce artistic color effects.

Sunday, June 9th, was selected as the best time for the judges to visit the gardens of the Regional Vice-President at Haverhill, Massachusetts, and never did it rain harder than all that day. The clouds opened and the rain came down. Did that dampen the ardor of the judges? No! Before the hostess and her husband arose in the morning one judge arrived, stayed to breakfast, and spent the morning, hatless, with the rain pouring down his face, viewing the irises. Here also were Sierra Blue, Shining Waters, Tenaya, Arbutus, Wisteria, Nusku, Eleanor Blue, of exquisite fin¬ ish and wonderful color that stands out in the garden and in¬ variably attracts attention; Natividad, that exquisite Natividad, with its creamy white flower and its warm yellow glow at the base of the standards, and its long period of bloom. And Neon ! Everyone was enthusiastic about Neon. I think it was the only plant in the East and although in remaking all of the garden last autumn it had to be moved, it still was the center of at¬ traction, standing up after all the rain, tall, colorful, with its bronze standards and brilliant red falls, outstanding, attracting the eye clear across the garden.

Lady Paramount came through the severe winter in great shape, and Rubeo was a wonder with its brilliant red flowers, its manv blooms, its fine texture and its marvelous vigor. And what is there left to describe Sunol? It too was moved last fall. But would you know it? You might, gentle reader, but most of us, of the common herd, would not. It was grand ! So many blooms ! A yellow blend with bronze and gold and lavender all mixed to-


gether, standing up in the rain as though the sun was shining! I must take space to add that a Californian said that lie had never seen a better clump in Los Angeles. I shall refrain from rhapsodizing more over my own garden, but invite you all to come and see it next spring, when you come East to the Annual Meeting.

In the afternoon the other judges came and, while their ardor and endurance, perhaps, were not quite as great, they judged the irises in the rain.

Supper was served and afterwards a conference of the Com¬ mittee was held and lasted until about nine o’clock, with some of the members fifty miles and more from home.

J. C. Nicholls, New York

H We were unable to visit any other plantings of consequence this year, and only three Accredited Judges reached our fields; others who usually come were prevented by illness, official busi¬ ness or other causes.

The increased number of other visitors attested a further growth of interest in the iris. Even more important than that is the manifest progress of amateur gardeners in their discrimina¬ tion as to relative values of varieties. After all, they are the final judges and we have found their comments very informa¬ tive. Many of them now have the courage of their convictions and exercise their own judgment in making selections, ignoring glowing descriptions of catalogues, on the one hand, and failure to obtain awards, on the other.

Our 1935 iris season has been unusual in several respects. A cold, lagging spring seemed to presage late performance, but our height of bloom was at the regular time. Our percentage of success of pollinations was much higher than ever before and we obtained seed from some varieties that have failed under previous crossing.

In general, the quality of the bloom was higher than in any previous year and, in particular, the stalks were much taller than normal. In accordance with our custom of using new soil every four or five years, most of the irises were moved to a new location in 1934. The colors of all the irises were more intense than heretofore ; it is probable that the new soil had most to do with this, but the unusual season may have contributed. This


sharpening of the colors greatly enhanced the beauty of many of the delicately colored varieties; Golden Light, among others, was far more brilliant than heretofore.

Some of the newer irises that stood out were Pink Opal, Ecla- dor, Missouri and Jean Cayeux. Older ones that attracted much attention were Rose Dominion, Sensation and Winneshiek; the last named again proved its right to be classed as one of the finest of all dark irises.

M. E. Douglas, New Jersey

General interest in irises continued unabated in 1935. In numerous gardens rearrangements and enlargements were in progress as for example in the planting at Cedar Brook Park, Plainfield, and in the garden of Mrs. Benjamin S. Mechling, Riverton, N. J. The authorities at State College, Pa., will wel¬ come contributions of varieties not represented in that collection. Iris plantings in gardens previously without them seem to have been made in numbers undiminished. Thus Mrs. Joseph J. Sum- merill, Jr., of Gloucester County, used a considerable number of standard varieties at her summer home on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.

J. C. Nicholls, Jr., has transferred his iris stock from his former location at Camillus, N. Y., to Frazer, near Paoli, a suburb of Philadelphia. For years the Philadelphia area has needed a first-class commercial planting of the modern novelties. All of Mr. Nicholls’ friends hope that every success will attend his efforts at Frazer. Any iris lover who was fortunate enough, last spring, to see Hosea Waterer’s splendid commercial dis¬ play of large groups of many tulip novelties planted around the perimeter of a large green lawn, at the Home Bush Farm just east of Philadelphia, and to know about the crowds who came from near and far to see and buy, could but feel convinced that an equally good commercial display planting of the best of the modern irises, in the Philadelphia district, would be patronized no less generously.

Among breeders, activity this year was in evidence no less than in the recent past. Thus Mr. Charles H. Hall of Ingomar, Pa., has more new seedlings on the way. He and his many friends in and around Pittsburg, notably Dr. D. A. Atkinson and Mr. T. L. Pillow, continue to encourage more of our members to see these


novelties in the Ingomar garden which is easily and quickly acces¬ sible by good automobile roads from Pittsburg. Our new mem¬ ber, Mr. E. S. Braidwood, of Somerville, N. J., announces a con¬ siderable number of new seedlings of interesting parentage, of the merit of which he is confident. And L. B. Moffet, Jr., of Woodbury continues his breeding experiments. Thus he made this year successful crosses of El Tovar pollen on a considerable number of good whites and lights including Shasta, Micheline Charraire, White and Gold, Los Angeles, etc. Various breeders continue to send seedlings for trial in my own garden where the numerous visitors can see them. Thus I have planted quite a total number of such seedlings from Messrs. E. S. Braidwood, S. H. Baker, J. C. Nicholls, both Millet and Cayeux (by courtesy of Countess Senni), L. H. Danenhauer, J. Sass, Mrs. Rowell, Wal¬ ter Timmerman, etc. In some years, such have been offered in numbers greater than my trial beds would accommodate.

The Regional annual pilgrimage to New Castle County, Del., gardens which was planned this year had to be cancelled for imperative reasons to the great regret of all those from whom prior acceptances had been received. This action was in the in¬ terest of the Society’s good friends in Delaware whose coopera¬ tion another season is assured ; and, too, numerous members in North Jersey are desirous that a pilgrimage there be arranged. Has any region found that its members in substantial numbers will attend two such pilgrimages in one and the same season? Suggestions both from any such other region and from members in this region are invited.

Concerning such itineraries for which luncheon reservations have to be made in advance ; what has been the experience of other regions, as to whether or not the number of luncheon reser¬ vations is an accurate basis for estimating the total attendance? May it be that some members cannot start early enough for lunch¬ eon that others will prefer to take basket lunches by way of al¬ lowance for possible dela}rs en route, and that all such are glad to join the general group at some preagreed meeting place after luncheon? In other words, has there been experience to the effect that it is well to ask separately for reservations for luncheon and also for acceptances after luncheon as a basis for ascertainment of the total attendance?

Requests that the Regional Vice-President make talks before


garden clubs have continued this year. There was a large at¬ tendance at such a May meeting of the Garden Workers Club at the home of Mrs. Sarah K. Fuller in Bryn Mawr, Pa., and tenta¬ tive arrangements have been made with similar groups for meet¬ ings this coming season, including Malvern, Pa., and Haddonfield, N. J.

J. C. Nicholls, Jr., reports plenty of fall bloom at Frazer now (November 10) on such varieties as Franklin Roosevelt, Autumn Queen, etc. In my own garden, Black Midget now has buds about ready to open, the first fall bloom seen on it these many years I have had it.

This region and the Society suffered irreparable loss in the pass¬ ing of Mrs. Horatio Gates Lloyd whose many gracious courtesies and helpful service botli to our Society and to other Societies will be long remembered.

I am happy to have been able to attend the annual meeting at Nashville, to have seen there the many splendid local originations, to have renewed there acquaintances with old friends and to have made new friends there.

J. Marion Shull, Maryland

This year it fell to my lot to judge the Iris section of the James River Garden Club’s show staged at Richmond on May 8. On the way down it became apparent that the date was a trifle early for iris bloom but despite this and the fact that a hail-storm had wrought some havoc the day before, there was a goodly dis¬ play of iris, most of it of unusually fine quality. It was not a large display as strictly iris shows go, but our member, Mrs. Towrer, deserves great credit for her share in putting on the show, and the fine condition of what was brought in largely compen¬ sated for any shortcoming in the number of entries.

Finest stem in the show, as in the Washington Show last year, was a splendid stalk of Pluie d’Or, much better than I have as yet been to grow it in my garden at Chevy Chase. And in this case it had to compete with a well-grown stalk of W. R. Dykes, for once minus the purple fleckings that so frequently mar it. There were also fine stalks of Indian Chief, as also of some of the older varieties that are still just as good except for their lost novelty status.

It is evident that there are people about Richmond who know,


and know how to grow the Iris, but there should be many more and I hope that this southern city, which has adopted the iris as its city flower, may become much more largely represented in the A. I. S. membership. Some seedlings of quite good quality were shown but none was hardly sufficiently distinct to single out for separate comment.

The next adventure in judging was in association with Mr. Morrison and Mr. Gersdorff at Takoma Park, Md., on the 17th. Takoma Park has, through changing conditions, become the lead¬ ing center of Iris interest in the vicinity of Washington, D.